"There's a time when the operation of the machine becomes so odious, makes you so sick at heart, that you can't take part! You can't even passively take part! And you've got to put your bodies upon the gears and upon the wheels ... upon the levers, upon all the apparatus, and you've got to make it stop!"
These fiery words of protest, spoken by Mario Savio during the Berkeley Free Speech Movement, became a call to action that helped galvanize an entire generation of radicals during the 1960s. Led by student politicized through the fight for Civil Rights, the movement would reshape the American left and influence a generation of protesters across the globe.
In this rousing and insightful participant's account, Hal Draper recounts the now iconic events of the FSM. From the impromptu speak out atop a police car after the administration decided to clamp down on students "distributing communist literature," to the inspiring Student Strike that shut down the entire campus, Draper's narrative captures the energy and dynamism of each twist and turn in the struggle, and offers invaluable analysis along the way.
Brimming with lessons still relevant for today's activists, Berkeley: The Student Revolt is a classic of on-the-ground historical reportage.
ntroduction by Mario Savio
1. "A New Generation of Students"
2. The Liberal Bureaucrat
3. Behind the Myth of Liberalization
4. The Myth: Two Showpieces
5. The Power Structure Triggers the Conflict
6. The Administration Clamps Off the Safety Valve
7. "What's Intellectual About Collecting Money?"
8. The Clubs Fight Back
9. The First Sit-in and the Eight Suspensions
10. A Couple of Rebels
11. The Police-car Blockade Begins
12. Second Sit-in and the Greeks
13. Whose Law and Order?
14. "You Can't Win"
15. The Pact of October 2
16. Enter Red-baiting
17. The FSM Is Formed
18 Some Lessons in Good Faith
19. Standoff on "Free Speech"
20. Hidden Battle over Civil Rights
21. Return to Direct Action
22. The Regents Throw a Time Bomb
23. The Abortive Sit-in
24. Back to the Wars
25. The Big Sit-in
26. The Governor Calls the Cops
27. The Occupation by the Police
28. The Student Strike Starts
29. The Faculty and the Strike
30. The Administration Plans a Coup
31. Classic Drama in the Greek Theater
32. The FSM at the Peak
33. The Story of a Rumor
34. The Victory at the Academic Senate
35. End of the Beginning
36. Before the Second Round
37. The "Restoration" Coup
38. The FSM in Crisis
39. Regents versus the University
41. The Non-Radicals
42. "New Left" Balance Sheet
43. The "New Radicals" and the "Old Radicals"
"This is a gripping political history of the Berkeley student movement of the fall of 1964—a movement ahead of its time, which reverberates to this day. Hal Draper was both a participant and an influential political mentor to many students in the Free Speech Movement, and in this classic work, he offers unique insights as a lifelong advocate for a thoroughly revolutionary and democratic socialism from below." —Samuel Farber, Free Speech Movement activist and author of Cuba Since the Revolution of 1959
"We live in an era in which it is becoming more and more difficult to learn from the lessons of history, especially from a history filled with the spirit of civic engagement, revolt, and a seething desire to struggle over institutions such as higher education, which are crucial to a democracy. Berkeley: The Student Revolt speaks to a moment in history alive with the spirit of student revolt, outrage over the corporatization and militarization of the university, and deeply aware of the connection between the crisis of the university and its relationship to the crisis of society. This book is both inspiring and informative, moving in its depiction of civil rights, the struggle for academic freedom, the necessity of free speech as a mode of dissent, the refusal to accept the university as a "knowledge industry," and the need to give voice to the students themselves. Berkeley: The Student Revolt speaks [in] a language of not only critique, the visceral language of protest, but also to a merging of struggle and hope that can serve as invaluable resource for future generations." —Henry Giroux, author of Neoliberalism’s War on Higher Education