The border regimes of imperialist states have brutally oppressed migrants throughout the world. To enforce their borders, these states have constructed a new digital fortress with far-reaching and ever-evolving new technologies. This pathbreaking volume exposes these insidious means of surveillance, control, and violence.
In the name of “smart” borders, the U.S. and Europe have turned to private companies to develop a neocolonial laboratory now deployed against the Global South, borderlands, and routes of migration. They have established immigrant databases, digital IDs, electronic tracking systems, facial recognition software, data fusion centers, and more, all to more “efficiently” categorize and control human beings and their movement.
These technologies rarely capture widespread public attention or outrage, but they are quietly remaking our world, scaling up colonial efforts of times past to divide desirables from undesirables, rich from poor, expat from migrant, and citizen from undocumented. The essays and case studies in Resisting Borders and Technologies of Violence shed light on this new threat, offering analyses of how the high-tech system of borders developed and inspiring stories of resistance to it.
The organizers, journalists, and scholars in these pages are charting a new path forward, employing creative tools to subvert the status quo, organize globally against high-tech border imperialism, and help us imagine a world without borders.
<p><a>FOREWORD: Borders & Bits: From Obvious to Insidious Violence by Ruha Benjamin<br /><br /></a><a>Introduction: Resisting Technologies of Violence and Control By Mizue Aizeki, Matt Mahmoudi, and Coline Schupfer<br /><br /></a><a>SECTION 1: Ideologies of Exclusion:<br /></a><a>Title? By Harsha Walia<br /></a><a>Multiplying State Violence in the Name of Homeland Security by Mizue Aizeki<br /></a><a>Empire’s Walls, Global Apartheid’s Infrastructure by Joseph Nevins and Todd Miller<br /></a><a>Fortress Europe’s Proliferating Borders by Miriam Ticktin<br /></a><a>Frontex and Fortress Europe’s Technological Experiments by Katy Fallon and Petra Molnar<br /></a><a>Abolish Migration Deterrence by Jenna M. Loyd<br /></a><a>Cruel Fictions in the Black Mediterranean by Ida Danewid, The Black Mediterranean Collective<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Why We Need Local Campaigns to End Immigration Detention<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Why We Took the U.K. to Court for their Discriminatory Visa Streaming Algorithm<br /><br /></a><a>SECTION 2: Conjuring the Perfect Threat: Techno-Securitization and Domestic Policing<br /></a><a>Building the #NoTechforICE Campaign: An Interview with Jacinta Gonzalez<br /></a><a>Big Tech, Borders and Biosecurity: Securitization in Britain after Covid-19 by Nisha Kapoor<br /></a><a>Targeting Muslim communities in NYC: Interview with Fahd Ahmed<br /></a><a>Global Palestine: Exporting Israel’s Regime of Population Control by Jeff Halper<br /></a><a>Chicago’s Gang Database Targeting People of Color: Interview with Xanat Sobrevilla and Alyx Goodwin<br /></a><a>Building Community Power in Unequal Cities: Interview with Hamid Khan<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Why We Are Suing Clearview AI In California State Court<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: How We Fight Against (Tech-Facilitated) Persecution of Uyghurs in China and Abroad<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Stop Urban Shield: How We Fought DHS’ Militarized Police Trainings</a></p>
<p><a>SECTION 3: Digital IDs: The Body as a Border<br /></a><a>Digital ID: A Primer by Sara Baker, The Engine Room<br /></a><a>IDs and the Citizen: Technologically Determined Identity in India by Usha Ramanathan<br /></a><a>The cost of recognition by the state: IDs card as coercion: Interview with Rodjé Malcolm and Matthew McNaughton<br /></a><a>The UK’s Production of Tech-enabled Precarity: An Interview with Gracie Mae Bradley<br /></a><a>On Donkeys and Blockchains: A Conversation with Margie Cheesman<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: How We Mobilized Civil Society to Fight Tunisia’s Proposed Digital ID System<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Why We Must Fight for Alternatives to the UK’s Digital-Only ID System</a></p>
<p><a>SECTION 4: Bordering Everyday Cities<br /></a><a>Apartheid Tech: The Use and Expansion of Biometric Identification and Surveillance Technologies in the Occupied West Bank by Marwa Fartafta<br /></a><a>The Encroachment of Smart Cities by Ben Green<br /></a><a>CONTROL-X: Communication, Control, & Exclusion by Brian Jefferson<br /></a><a>Data Justice in Mexico: How Big Data is Reshaping the Struggle for Rights and Political Freedoms by Arely Cruz-Santiago, Ernesto Schwartz-Marín, and Conor O’Reilly<br /></a><a>Corporate Tech and The Legible City by Ryan Gerety, Mariah Montgomery, Mizue Aizeki and Nasma Ahmed<br /></a><a>Seeing the Watched: Mass Surveillance in Detroit By Tawana Petty<br /></a><a>Necropolitics and Neoliberalism Are Driving Brazil’s Surveillance Infrastructure By Rafael Evangelista<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Why We Must Fight Against COVID-19 Surveillance and Technosolutionism<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: How We Challenged the German Migration Office’s Surveillance Technology<br /></a><a>CASE STUDY: Fighting San Diego’s Smart Streetlights Super Surveillance System<br /><br /></a><a>SECTION 5: Looking Forward<br /></a><a>Abolish National Security by Arun Kundnani<br /></a><a>The First Step is Finding Each Other by Timmy Châu<br /></a><a>The Red Deal: Indigenous Liberation and The Fight to Save the Planet by Nick Estes<br /></a><a>Trying Harder to Build a World Where Life is Precious: An Interview with Ruth Wilson Gilmore<br /></a><a>Editors and Contributors<br /></a><a>Acknowledgments</a></p>
<p>"This volume... holds a mirror up to the everyday violence of borders that rarely capture widespread public attention, much less outrage. The essays and case studies that follow draw our attention to the policies and technologies that governments and companies are deploying quietly and viciously, tearing into people’s lives, ripping families apart, and hunting down the most vulnerable, one computer bit at a time."<br /><strong>—Ruha Benjamin, from the Foreword</strong></p>