About the Book
France 1968: A general strike and factory occupations by millions of workers shake the country.
Chile 1972: Workers defending the Popular Unity government set up workers’ councilsthe cordonesand demand control over production.
Portugal 1974: Army officers overthrow the dictator Caetano and release an upsurge of "popular power" whichs last 18 months.
Iran 1979: The viciously repressive Shah is toppled and workers set up independent councils, the shoras.
Poland 1980: Demanding radical change, workers build the independent trade union Solidarity to fight for their own interests, exposing the false socialism of the Eastern Bloc.
In each of these cases, the actions of workers themselves were the driving force of struggles with revolutionary potential. They demonstrate that workers can and will fight back on a mass scale.
Each episode offers an inspiring glimpse of the way in which workers rise to the challenge of fighting for a better worldand pose their own alternative to the system.
Although none of these struggles ultimately achieved their goals, they were "revolutionary rehearsals" that hold important lessons about the struggle for socialism under modern conditions.
About the Book
Laurence Cox co-directs the MA in Community Education, Equality and Social Activism at Maynooth. He co-edits the social movement journal Interface and has also published Understanding European Movements (Routledge, 2013, with Cristina Flesher Fominaya).
John Krinsky is associate professor of political science at The City College of New York. He co-edits the journal Social Movement Studies, and published Free Labor: Workfare and the Contested Language of Neoliberalism (Chicago 2007).
Alf Gunvald Nilsen is associate professor of sociology at the University of Bergen. He co-edits the journal Interface and has published widely on social movements. He is the author of Dispossession and Resistance in India (Routledge, 2010).